Category Archives: Migration Policy in Thailand

Cambodian migrants returnees statistics 2015 (through Poipet – Klongleuk International border).

Number of Cambodian migrants returnees through government-to-government repatriation 2015 (Poipet – Klongleuk International border).










       4,325        2,661        1,358           178           128                  104


       4,175        2,457        1,350           220           148                  102


       4,835        3,111        1,437           180           107                  108


       6,538        3,995        2,084           275           184                  168


       3,664        1,936        1,161           355           212                    93


       3,360        1,827        1,090           313           130                    87


       5,259        2,813        1,825           389           232                  114


       7,267        3,861        2,594           551           261                  153


       6,610        3,643        2,229           523           215                  140


       4,417        2,427        1,424           395           171                    96


       4,168        2,294        1,308           351           215                    87


       4,703        2,704        1,436           289           274                  106
     59,321      33,729      19,296        4,019        2,277              1,358
 PDF [80 KB]

Source: Poipet Transit Center (PTC), 31 December 2015, PTC Director

Poipet Transit Center (PTC) is a reception center of Ministry of Social Affairs which has been establishing since 2003 following a 2003 bilateral agreement between Cambodia and Thailand to combat human trafficking. This is the only official Transit Center for Cambodian migrant returnees through government-to-government repatriation.

In addition, the Transit Center is also deploying their mobile team staff in-charge at reception center to host Cambodian migrant returnees through deportation as well. The role of PTC’s mobile team staff at reception center is to conduct quick screening to identify victims of trafficking and labor exploitation as well as children in special needs among deportees in order to refer to NGO partners, especially CWCC, for services provision.

Currently, PTC is partly supported by CWCC. CWCC supports PTC to cover all expenses of food and hygienic materials to migrant returnees and their family members during their stay at PTC. CWCC is also supporting salary for one PTC staff who is in-charge at reception center to host Cambodian deportees from Thailand.

Every year, PTC refers at least 30 victims of trafficking, labor exploitation and child migrants in special needs to CWCC for services including medical care, shelter, legal aid, psycho-social support, and reintegration (including livelihood) and follow up visit.

New drive to register illegal labour

The Labour Ministry is preparing to document illegal migrant workers nationwide as part of the government’s attempt to crack down on illegal worker numbers and upgrade its records, says Department of Employment head Arak Phrommanee.
The plan will target specific geographic areas where illegal migrants are believed to be working, staring with large industrial zones, aiming to clear up remaining migrant labourers who have yet to register.
“Staff from our department will meet emplyers and provide instructions to them, especially those who have not yet legalised their migrant workers,” he said.
Ministry staff were sent tot search areas where igrant workers workers last month, and he expects a report from them next month.
He said the report will outline the inspection areas and level of intensity of problems related to illegal workers in each area.
Mr Arak also expected the plan in which the department takes as outreach approach to registering illegal workers would help improve the country’s image in the treatment of migant workers and improve its ranking in the annual Trafficking in Persons (TIP) report by the US State Department.
Migrant woekers caught without proper work permits will face harsh punishment, Mr Arak said.
Employer found to have hired illegal workers could be fined 100,000 baht per workers, and 400,000 baht per worker in the fising industry.
An employer who fails to comply with the law also risks his factory being shutdown, he said.
Meanwhile, Labour Minister Sirichai Distakul told the Sea Web Seafood Summit in Malta yesterday that the government was trying its best to tackle problems in the fishing industry, including illegal migrant workers and human trafficking.
The main problems were illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and forced labour, said Gen Sirichai.
The goverment was overhauling mechanisms for managing the industry, including the registration drive for illegal workers.
The cabinet on Tuesday approved a Labour Ministry proposal to extend the registration period for migrant workers from Myanmar, Lao and Cambodia in the fishing industry until the end of July.
By: Bangkok Post
Published on: 4 February 2016

Registration period for foreign workers extended for another six months

Employment Department director general Arak Prommanee said the cabinet has approved the proposal of a subcommittee for foreign workers for the extension of a registration period for them.

Migrant workers from Myanmar, Laos and Cambodia who may be employed in fishing and seafood industry in 22 provinces will be provided another six months to register themselves with the authorities.

Given the fact that a large number of migrant workers have secretly and illegally worked in Thailand, the extended registration was considered the best way to identify them and legalize their employment.

By: National News Bureau of Thailand

Published on: 2 February 2016

DOE establishes studying committees for labour import

The Department of Employment (DOE) has established committees to study the pros and cons of the labour import scheme, says DOE chief.

The DOE Director-General Arrug Phrommanee has revealed that the department has established two committees tasked with the feasibility study in amending the employment seeking and employment seekers protection law, and in legislating the immigrant employment law to further enhance the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on labour import with other countries.

He said Thailand’s current processes of labour import are sluggish and require renovation, extended to the importing process, legal protection, and employee’s benefits.

The DOE is now set to invite the delegation from the International Labour Organization (ILO) as an adviser on the renovation of immigrant workers protection scheme, aiming to increase the responsibility from the importing employment agencies on labour protection, and guarantee working conditions that comply to their related contracts.

The DOE director-general ensured that the department will establish a sustainable solution on migrant employment, in compliance with domestic demands.

By: National News Bureau of Thailand

Published on: 4 January 2016

Coup no obstacle to Hun Sen trade visit

Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen’s visit to Thailand this week reaffirms brightening relations between the two countries after the Cambodian premier sent a delegation to extend his goodwill to the National Council for Peace and Order (NCPO) in July last year.
The Cambodian delegation, led by Defence Minister Tea Banh, included Hun Sen’s eldest son, Lt Gen Hun Manet. It will be in Thailand Friday and Saturday.
It is not the first time since the coup that Hun Sen has journeyed to Thailand, as he made an appearance at the 5th Greater Mekong Sub-region (GMS) conference held in Thailand last year.
But this time is especially meaningful as the visit comes during the 65th anniversary of diplomatic relations between the countries, and mutual issues will be on the table, according to the Thai Foreign Ministry.
Key ministers accompanying Hun Sen are Foreign Minister Hor Namhong, Minister of Council of Ministers Sok An and Defence Minister Tea Banh. All three are also deputy prime ministers.
The two-day visit, scheduled on Friday and Saturday, will allow the delegation to jointly chair the 2nd Joint Cabinet Retreat (JCR) with Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha.
A number of issues will be discussed, said Foreign Ministry spokesman Sek Wannamethee. The first cabinet retreat was held in 2003 during the government of ousted prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra.
On the agenda for the meeting are border development, agricultural products, the promotion of trade and investment, expansion of connectivity and other regional issues. They are in addition to a business forum, in which Hun Sen will bring Cambodian business leaders to meet their Thai counterparts. An agreement on cooperation between the Thai-Cambodian business councils will also be signed.
Akkaraphong Khamkhun, a professor of foreign affairs at Pridi Banomyong International College, Thammasat  University, said the visit by Hun Sen and his cabinet members is not unexpected.
“It is business as usual and the Cambodian side may have concluded Thailand will not change government in the near future,” he said, adding the recent trip to Cambodia of Deputy Prime Minister and Defence Minister Prawit Wongsuwon might have paved the way for some agreements, including on energy.
Gen Prawit in October led the delegation, which included Energy Minister Gen Anantaporn Kanjanarat, to Cambodia.
But Gen Prawit has insisted no agreement was made on the fate of energy resources in the Gulf of Thailand. When asked to compare Cambodian relations under the current government with those under ex-prime minister Yingluck Shinawatra, Mr Akkaraphong siad Cambodia’s administration was personally close to the admnistration led by Ms Yingluck’s government, but the coup had not affected diplomatic realtions.
The government disclosed Monday that four pacts will be signed during the Cambodian premier’s visit.
These include the Joint Declaration of the 2nd JCR and a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on Development of the Cross Border Control Facilities, such as the border bridge and access roads at Ban Nong Ian in Aranyaprathet District of Sa Kaeo and Stung Bot in Banteay Meanchey Province in Cambodia.
Another MoU will be signed on Labour Cooperation, which will promote skills development for labour, as well as an agreement on the Employment of Workers, which aims to prevent illegal employment and human trafickking.
The Cambodian ambassador to Thailand, Eat Sophea, told the Bangkok Post Monday this is the first official visit after the GMS summit.
“The four agreements to be signed during the prime minister’s visit will make better connectivity between the two countries as another checkpoint in Sa Kaeo will be open, mostly for tourists and the public,” said Eat Sophea. The JCR is convened by more than 20 ministers and 20 senior officials in Hun Sen’s delegation.
“Details on special economic zones near the new border checkpoint and the operational date of the new checkpoint in 2018 will be discussed,” she said.

By: Chananthorn Kamjan & Achara Ashayagachat, Bangkok Post
Published on: 15 December 201515
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