Category Archives: Migration policy in Cambodia

Cambodian migrants returnees statistics 2015 (through Poipet – Klongleuk International border).

Number of Cambodian migrants returnees through government-to-government repatriation 2015 (Poipet – Klongleuk International border).

Month

Statistic

#deportation

Total

Male

Female

Boy

Girl

January

       4,325        2,661        1,358           178           128                  104

February

       4,175        2,457        1,350           220           148                  102

March

       4,835        3,111        1,437           180           107                  108

April

       6,538        3,995        2,084           275           184                  168

May

       3,664        1,936        1,161           355           212                    93

June

       3,360        1,827        1,090           313           130                    87

July

       5,259        2,813        1,825           389           232                  114

August

       7,267        3,861        2,594           551           261                  153

September

       6,610        3,643        2,229           523           215                  140

October

       4,417        2,427        1,424           395           171                    96

November

       4,168        2,294        1,308           351           215                    87

December

       4,703        2,704        1,436           289           274                  106
     59,321      33,729      19,296        4,019        2,277              1,358
 PDF [80 KB]

Source: Poipet Transit Center (PTC), 31 December 2015, PTC Director

Poipet Transit Center (PTC) is a reception center of Ministry of Social Affairs which has been establishing since 2003 following a 2003 bilateral agreement between Cambodia and Thailand to combat human trafficking. This is the only official Transit Center for Cambodian migrant returnees through government-to-government repatriation.

In addition, the Transit Center is also deploying their mobile team staff in-charge at reception center to host Cambodian migrant returnees through deportation as well. The role of PTC’s mobile team staff at reception center is to conduct quick screening to identify victims of trafficking and labor exploitation as well as children in special needs among deportees in order to refer to NGO partners, especially CWCC, for services provision.

Currently, PTC is partly supported by CWCC. CWCC supports PTC to cover all expenses of food and hygienic materials to migrant returnees and their family members during their stay at PTC. CWCC is also supporting salary for one PTC staff who is in-charge at reception center to host Cambodian deportees from Thailand.

Every year, PTC refers at least 30 victims of trafficking, labor exploitation and child migrants in special needs to CWCC for services including medical care, shelter, legal aid, psycho-social support, and reintegration (including livelihood) and follow up visit.

Coup no obstacle to Hun Sen trade visit

Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen’s visit to Thailand this week reaffirms brightening relations between the two countries after the Cambodian premier sent a delegation to extend his goodwill to the National Council for Peace and Order (NCPO) in July last year.
The Cambodian delegation, led by Defence Minister Tea Banh, included Hun Sen’s eldest son, Lt Gen Hun Manet. It will be in Thailand Friday and Saturday.
It is not the first time since the coup that Hun Sen has journeyed to Thailand, as he made an appearance at the 5th Greater Mekong Sub-region (GMS) conference held in Thailand last year.
But this time is especially meaningful as the visit comes during the 65th anniversary of diplomatic relations between the countries, and mutual issues will be on the table, according to the Thai Foreign Ministry.
Key ministers accompanying Hun Sen are Foreign Minister Hor Namhong, Minister of Council of Ministers Sok An and Defence Minister Tea Banh. All three are also deputy prime ministers.
The two-day visit, scheduled on Friday and Saturday, will allow the delegation to jointly chair the 2nd Joint Cabinet Retreat (JCR) with Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha.
A number of issues will be discussed, said Foreign Ministry spokesman Sek Wannamethee. The first cabinet retreat was held in 2003 during the government of ousted prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra.
On the agenda for the meeting are border development, agricultural products, the promotion of trade and investment, expansion of connectivity and other regional issues. They are in addition to a business forum, in which Hun Sen will bring Cambodian business leaders to meet their Thai counterparts. An agreement on cooperation between the Thai-Cambodian business councils will also be signed.
Akkaraphong Khamkhun, a professor of foreign affairs at Pridi Banomyong International College, Thammasat  University, said the visit by Hun Sen and his cabinet members is not unexpected.
“It is business as usual and the Cambodian side may have concluded Thailand will not change government in the near future,” he said, adding the recent trip to Cambodia of Deputy Prime Minister and Defence Minister Prawit Wongsuwon might have paved the way for some agreements, including on energy.
Gen Prawit in October led the delegation, which included Energy Minister Gen Anantaporn Kanjanarat, to Cambodia.
But Gen Prawit has insisted no agreement was made on the fate of energy resources in the Gulf of Thailand. When asked to compare Cambodian relations under the current government with those under ex-prime minister Yingluck Shinawatra, Mr Akkaraphong siad Cambodia’s administration was personally close to the admnistration led by Ms Yingluck’s government, but the coup had not affected diplomatic realtions.
The government disclosed Monday that four pacts will be signed during the Cambodian premier’s visit.
These include the Joint Declaration of the 2nd JCR and a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on Development of the Cross Border Control Facilities, such as the border bridge and access roads at Ban Nong Ian in Aranyaprathet District of Sa Kaeo and Stung Bot in Banteay Meanchey Province in Cambodia.
Another MoU will be signed on Labour Cooperation, which will promote skills development for labour, as well as an agreement on the Employment of Workers, which aims to prevent illegal employment and human trafickking.
The Cambodian ambassador to Thailand, Eat Sophea, told the Bangkok Post Monday this is the first official visit after the GMS summit.
“The four agreements to be signed during the prime minister’s visit will make better connectivity between the two countries as another checkpoint in Sa Kaeo will be open, mostly for tourists and the public,” said Eat Sophea. The JCR is convened by more than 20 ministers and 20 senior officials in Hun Sen’s delegation.
“Details on special economic zones near the new border checkpoint and the operational date of the new checkpoint in 2018 will be discussed,” she said.

By: Chananthorn Kamjan & Achara Ashayagachat, Bangkok Post
Published on: 15 December 201515

MoFA, Thailand press releases : Official Visit to the Kingdom of Thailand of the Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Cambodia and the 2nd Thailand – Cambodia Joint Cabinet Retreat

Samdech Akka Moha Sena Padei Techo HUN SEN, Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Cambodia, will pay an Official Visit to the Kingdom of Thailand as guest of the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand upon invitation of His Excellency General Prayut Chan-o-cha, Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Thailand, on 18 December 2015 and will co-chair the 2nd Thailand – Cambodia Joint Cabinet Retreat on 19 December 2015. This visit is part of the celebration of the 65th Anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between the Kingdom of Thailand and the Kingdom of Cambodia.

The two Prime Ministers will have a bilateral discussion in the morning of 18 December 2015.  Topics of discussion include the celebration of the 65th Anniversary of establishment of diplomatic relations, cooperation on border development, agricultural products, promotion of trade and investment, enhancement of connectivity, and cooperation in the region as well as international forum.

In the afternoon, the Prime Minister of Cambodia will deliver a keynote address on Investment in Cambodia at the Thailand – Cambodia Business Forum. This seminar is hosted by the Thailand – Cambodia Friendship Association, in cooperation with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The Prime Minister of Cambodia will be accompanied by Cambodian businessmen who will attend the business matching and networking with the Thai private sectors.

In the evening of 18 December 2015, General Prayut Chan-o-cha will host an official dinner for the Prime Minister of Cambodia and his delegation.

On 19 December 2015, the two Prime Ministers will co-chair the 2nd Thailand – Cambodia Joint Cabinet Retreat (JCR). The discussion will focus on ways to enhance cooperation in key areas of mutual interests including political, economic, social and cultural issues.

On this occasion, the two Prime Ministers will witness the signing of four documents: (1) Joint Declaration of the 2nd JCR, (2) MOU on Development of the Cross Border Control Facilities, Construction of the Border Bridge and Access Roads at Ban Nong Ian, Aranyaprathet District, Sa Kaeo Province in the Kingdom of Thailand and Stung Bot, Poi pet City, Banteay Meanchey Province in the Kingdom of Cambodia, (3) MOU on Labour Cooperation, and (4) Agreement on the Employment of Workers.

By:  Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Kingdom of Thailand

Published on: 14 December 2015

Ministry to Issue Travel Papers to Migrant Workers, The Cambodia Daily

Beginning next month, the Interior Ministry will provide labor-specific travel documents to Cambodians with permission to work abroad, according to an August 25 announcement from the ministry obtained Thursday.

“Cambodian laborer travel documents for work abroad are documents for travel from Cambodia to another country where the Cambodian laborer is allowed to stay and work officially,” the announcement said. “This travel letter will be valid for five years and have 16 pages.”

The announcement did not explain the reasons for the new policy, and failed to specify whether the documents would be voluntary or mandatory.

It said applicants would have to present identity, family and residency records to the Labor Ministry and the Interior Ministry’s passport department to apply. An Interior Ministry spokesman referred questions to passport department chief Mao Chandara, who declined to comment.

A spokesman for the Labor Ministry could not be reached.

The government has tried to make it easier for Cambodians to obtain the raft of documents they need to work abroad—following an exodus of migrant laborers from Thailand in the wake of the country’s 2014 coup—by lowering fees and cutting down on bureaucracy.

By Khuon Narim

Published on 28 August 2015

Cambodia Creates ‘Border Pass’ for Workers in Thailand, Khmer Times

PHNOM PENH (Khmer Times) – Cambodian Foreign Minister Hor Namhong has signed an agreement in Thailand to create a ‘Border Pass’ for workers living along the Cambodian-Thai border.

The agreement will allow Cambodian workers, especially those who reside along the border with Thailand, to work temporarily on the condition that they return the same day.

They also agreed to passes that allow migrant workers to stay in Thailand for ten days or up to a month. Mr. Namhong said there are over 700,000 Cambodian migrants working in Thailand.

Cambodian migrant workers in Thailand who had missed renewing their working permits are allowed to renew them until March 2016, Mr. Namhong said.

According to figures from Thailand’s Office of Foreign Workers Administration, 738,947 Cambodian migrants, 696,338 workers and 42,609 dependents were registered at Thailand’s one-stop service centers for visas and working permits last year.
Artifacts to Be Returned to Siem Reap

Mr. Namhong also said Thailand would return 16 smuggled artifacts to Siem Reap province.

Speaking at Phnom Penh International Airport on Sunday, he said the Cambodian artifacts would be sent back to the Kingdom from Thailand soon.

Mr. Namhong declined to comment on when the artifacts would be returned, only saying “it will be soon.”

Thai authorities reportedly confiscated 43 ancient Cambodian artifacts from smugglers in 1999. Seven of them were returned by Thai authorities in 2009.

Cambodia sent experts to examine more artifacts in Thailand after Thai authorities seized hundreds of pieces from smugglers.

Widespread looting of Cambodia’s antiquities occurred during Cambodia’s two-decade civil war which began in the late 1960s, with many items smuggled into Thailand for sale in international antique markets or to private collectors.

Last year, US auction houses and museums returned five 1,000-year-old statues, which were smuggled from Cambodia in the 1970s, back to the Kingdom.

Mr. Namhong said that the remaining 20 artifacts needed to be authenticated.

By: Chea Vannak, Khmer Times

Published on: 12 July 2015
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