Category Archives: Safe Migration
PHNOM PENH – The number of “undocumented” Cambodian workers being deported from Thailand through border checkpoints has doubled due to the approaching Khmer New Year, an official said Tuesday.
But many were actually legal workers taking advantage of the free transport provided for deportees.
Sem Makara, the deputy chief of the border police station at Poipet, said there was no crackdown at the moment on undocumented Cambodian workers in Thailand, the Khmer Times reported.
“However, for a few days we have seen more than the normal number of migrant workers being deported back to Cambodia. It’s due to the coming Khmer New Year,” he said.
Between 500 and 600 Cambodian workers were reportedly sent back over the previous three days, Mr Makara said. On average, 100 to 200 were deported each day for not having the proper documents to work and stay, he said.
He said those being deported home were both illegal and legal workers.
“Legal workers sometimes hide their passports or travel documents from Thai authorities so they are sent back home immediately and get transport free of charge.”
Almost a half the deportees were actually legal workers. “They are straight away sent home without any further delay,” Mr Makara said.
Earlier this year, Cambodia set out ways that thousands of undocumented workers in Thailand can get legal status through the embassy there to find work or stay in a job.
For many Cambodians it ends a grey area in which they were issued with what are known as pink cards by the Thais. The cards give them migrant worker status, but do not allow them to get jobs legally.
By: Khmer Times, Bangkok Post
Published on: 5 April 2017
Workers from neighbouring countries began an exodus home for the lunar new year festival on Wednesday, happy the cabinet had exempted them from exit and re-entry fees until April 30.
Labour Minister Sirichai Distakul said the water festival, celebrated as Songkran in Thailand, was a cultural event common to other Asean member countries, particularly Cambodia, Myanmar and Laos.
So the government had decided to allow migrant workers to go home for the occasion without the burden of having to pay extra fees, beginning April 5.
They were required to return and report to work by April 30 or they would lose their work permits. Last year, about 8,000 Cambodians were stranded at border checkpoints becaused they returned after the deadline, he said.
Waranon Pitiwan, director-general of the Employment Department, said there are two categories of workers.
In the first category are workers holding pink cards issued for non-Thai nationals and family members aged below 18 years. The cards expire on either Nov 30 or March 31 next year. They must return by April 30 or they would not be allowed to re-enter the country.
They must obtain a letter of permission to go home for the festival from an Employment Department office in the province where they work. They must show the letter to immigration officials and be stamped out and back in at the border. They must return via their point of departure.
In the second category are workers holding a certificate of identity (CI) or a passport. They are not required to apply for the letter of permission from the Employment Department. They can show only their CI or passport to immigration officials. If they want to return after April 30, they must apply for re-entry and pay a 1,000 baht fee before leaving the country, otherwise they would not be allowed to re-enter.
Workers in both categories are exempted from departure and re-entry fees for the period April 5 – 30.
Mr Waranon said during this period there will be no registration of migrant workers who entered the country illegally. All workers allowed dispensation to go home for the festival must have been properly registered and have documents issued by the Labour Department.
In Tak province, Myanmar workers flocked to the immigration office in Mae Sot to get their documents stamped before going home across the Thai-Myanmar Friendship Bridge on Wednesday morning.
Pol Col Somchai Detphae, the Mae Sot immigration chief, said all 16 channels were opened to expedite the process.
Many vehicles were seen on the other side of the bridge, waiting to take returning workers to their hometowns.
Maung Mo, 28, from Pa-an in Myanmar, who works at an instant noodle factory in Nakhon Pathom, said he was glad the government had waived the fees, which would save him money. He intended to return to work on time after the water festival.
By: Penchan Charoensuthipan, Bangkok Post
Published on: 6 April 2017
Sixty-five Myanmar workers, who were sacked by a Thai factory in Bangkok, have been awarded more than K100 million (Thai baht 2,751,000) in compensation, according to the Thai based Aid Alliance Committee (AAC).
AAC member Ko Ye Min told The Myanmar Times yesterday that the workers who demanded for fair and equitable compensation and pressed for their rights were compensated by the pet food company that belongs to the Bangkok-based PCG Group.
“Forty-three workers who did not demand for compensation from the factory owners and the labour agency that engaged them were left out of the compensation package. The remaining 65 workers managed to get compensations because they believed in the labour rights and our labour rights society” Ko Ye Min said.
The 65 workers sued the factory owners after being sacked and brought the matter to court four months ago. They were paid the compensation on March 31.
According to to the AAC, initially, 108 Myanmar workers were dismissed but 43 withdrew from the case.
Thailand’s Labour Rights Department ruled that the factory must pay 3000 baht to the workers as the business owners failed to give
them proper notice.
Ko Ye Min said that according to Thai labour laws, factory owners have to compensate 9000 baht (one month wages) to the workers who have put in four months to a year in service.
Workers who have served for from one to three years, have been compensated with 27,000 baht (three month wages).
The PCG Group’s Thai Pet also had to compensate 54,000 baht (six month wages ) to the workers who have three to six years’ services and 72,000 baht (8 month wages) to those who have six to nine years’ services.
And workers who worked for nine years or more were compensated 90,000 baht, according to the AAC.
“Workers need to be patient if they face labour disputes in Thailand. They must be prepared to wait for a long time. Workers must have the will to confront delinquent employers. They also need to trust the labour organisation and seek their help,” Ko Ye Min told The Myanmar Times.
Out of the 65 workers, eight of them were employed under a joint MoU between the two governments while the others were living and
working in Thailand with temporary passports.
A total of 108 migrant workers, employed by the PCG group had been working for between one and 12 years, were sacked in November 2016, after the owners hired about 200 workers from Cambodia.
Speaking to The Myanmar Times, factory worker Ko Soe Hlaing Min, who put in two years’ service, said “Factory officials told us we don’t need to work anymore. They would not give us any more jobs. They also told us that we can report to any official but nothing will come of it.”
Myanmar embassy officials managed to help the workers to sue the factory owners, who dismissed the workers illegally in December 2016.
The Myanmar Times couldn’t reach embassy officials yesterday for their comments on the compensation package.
According to a statement by Thai based Migrant Worker Rights Network (MWRN), another 14 Myanmar migrant workers, employed at a chicken farm, were compensated 1.7 million baht because their labour rights had been violated.
The case of the 14 Myanmar migrants has prompted the Thai government to investigate all chicken farms and has taken action against those that have violated labour rights.
The 14 Myanmar migrants were awarded the human rights prize by a Thai human rights lawyer’s foundation.
By: Zaw Zaw Htwe, Myanmar Times
Published On: 4 April 2017
BANGKOK, 2nd April 2017, (NNT) – The Department of Employment is seeking government to government (G2G) deals with Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Vietnam (CLMV) to address the issue of under-staffing in the fishing industry.
The comment was made by DOE Director-General Waranon Pitiwan, indicating that a large number of migrant workers refused to register for work permits during the registration period which recently ended. He said these laborers instead chose to relocate, and remain illegal workers, which ultimately creates demand for human resources.
Director-General Waranon disclosed that the Command Center for Combating Illegal Fishing (CCCIF) will soon meet with the Marine Department, the Fisheries Department, the Labor Ministry and the Royal Thai Navy on finding solutions to this issue.
According to the DOE Director-General, one of the initial remedies is to hold talks with CLMV nations to sign G2G deals on directly bringing laborers from those countries to work in the fisheries industry in Thailand.
He explained that the details of the deal will be clearly specified, with a highlight being systematic assistance measures.
Director-General Waranon speculated that intense workloads and the stress of being at sea for extended periods of time are the main aspects that dissuade migrant laborers from working in the industry. He is of the opinion that employers should consider offering attractive incentives to their employees.
He urged migrant workers who don’t have work permits to register their nationality with the authority, while underlining the government’s commitment to eliminating illegal work issues in the Kingdom within a year.
By: Reporter : Na-ark Rojanasuvan; Rewriter : Rodney McNeil, National News Bureau of Thailand
Published On: 2 April 2017
BANGKOK, 31 March 2017 (NNT) – Border fees for migrant workers and their dependents from Cambodia, Laos, and Myanmar will be waived next month to encourage them to celebrate Songkran festival in their home countries.
Itti Kongweerawat of the Provincial Employment Office of Nakhon Ratchasima said the Cabinet on March 14th waived border entry and exit fees for migrant workers from Cambodia, Laos, and Myanmar from April 5th – 30th, so they may travel back home to celebrate the Songkran holidays.
Eligible foreigners must hold a non-citizen identification card (pink card), received nationality verification, or worked in Thailand under a Memorandum of Understanding. The permit is valid for dependents of migrant workers, who bear a passport or other travel documents.
Employers, or migrant workers themselves, must request a certification letter from their local employment office. The workers are required to present the certificate along with the pink card, passport, or other valid travel document, in order to pass through immigration for both departure and return trips. They are also required to use the same immigration checkpoint for leaving and returning to the country.
The Provincial Employment Office of Nakhon Ratchasima is now offering the certification letter for migrant worker travel. For more information, call 0-4435-5266-7 ext. 105, 08-6468-7563, or 06-3583-2399.
By: Reporter : Tanakorn Sangiam, Rewriter : Pichanan Inpota, National News Bureau of Thailand
Published on: 31 March 2017