Roles of Countries of Origin
While destination countries must rightly bear the responsibility for the protection of migrant workers within their territory, countries of origin in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) have a crucial role to play in ensuring that their nationals are protected abroad and receive adequate pre-departure and reintegration assistance. This holds true for both documented and undocumented migrants.
Countries of origin should do more to improve their systems to better protect migrant workers throughout the migration cycle. This includes establishing fair and efficient labour migration frameworks (such as formal migration systems and the regulation of recruitment), providing overseas assistance, disseminating information, providing welfare support, and ensuring the effective reintegration of returnees.
Since 2015, MMN has endeavoured to protect migrant workers from deceptive recruitment practices and rights violations by eliciting greater commitment from countries of origin to protect their nationals migrating abroad. We engage with different stakeholders, including migrant workers, governments of countries of origin and destination countries, recruitment agencies, and civil society organisations to better understand how migration governance systems and recruitment processes affect migrants’ experiences at different stages of the migration cycle. MMN’s research and advocacy incorporate the voices of migrants to ensure that rights-protecting initiatives in countries of origin are developed to respond to migrants’ needs.